Jesus said to him, "'You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets."
Matthew 22:37-40  NKJV

Commandment

Old Testament Statement

Old Testament Statement Death Penalty

New Testament Restatement

Commandment

Old Testament Statement

Old Testament Statement Death Penalty

New Testament Restatement

1 Polytheism

2 Graven Images

3 Swearing

4 Sabbath

5 Obedience to parents

6 Murder

7 Adultery

8 Theft

9 False Witness

10 Coveting

Exodus 20:3

Exodus 20:4

Exodus 20:7

Exodus 20:8

Exodus 20:12

Exodus 20:13

Exodus 20:14

Exodus 20:15

Exodus 20:16

Exodus 20:17

Exodus 22:20 Deuteronomy 6:13-15

Deuteronomy 27:15

Leviticus 24:15,16

Numbers 15:32-36

Exodus 21:15-17

Exodus 21:12

Leviticus 20:10

Exodus 21:16

Deuteronomy 18:16-21

No Death Penalty

Acts 14:15

1 John 5:21

James 5:12

Colossians 2:16 nullifies

Ephesians 6:1

1 John 3:15

1 Corinthians 6:9,10

Ephesians 4:28

Colossians 3:9,10

Ephesians 5:3

God, personally gave the Ten Commandments to us through Moses on Mount Sinai.

You can read about it in Exodus 19:10 thru Exodus 20:20.

Outline (see below the first table for a more detailed study)

A detailed study of God's Ten Commandments given to us through Moses on Mount Sinai

1st Polytheism

You shall have no other gods before Me
Exodus 20:3

He who sacrifices to any god, except to the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed.
Exodus 22:20-21

You shall fear the Lord your God and serve Him, and shall take oaths in His name. You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who
are all around you (for the Lord your God is a jealous God among you), lest the anger of the Lord your God be aroused against you and destroy you from the face of the earth.
Deuteronomy 6:13-15

and saying, "Men, why are you doing these things? We also are men with the same nature as you, and preach to you that you should turn from these useless things to the living God, who made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and all things that are in them,
Acts 14:15-16

2nd Graven Images

"You shall not make for yourself a carved image - any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;
Exodus 20:4

'Cursed is the one who makes a carved or molded image, an abomination to the Lord, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and sets it up in secret.' "And all the people shall answer and say, 'Amen!'
Deuteronomy 27:15

Little children, keep yourselves from idols.
1 John 5:21

3rd Swearing

"You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.
Exodus 20:7

"Then you shall speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'Whoever curses his God shall bear his sin. And whoever blasphemes the name of the Lord shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall certainly stone him, the stranger as well as him who is born in the land. When he blasphemes the name of the Lord, he shall be put to death.
Leviticus 24:15,16

But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath. But let your "Yes" be "Yes," and your "No," "No," lest you fall into judgment.
James 5:12

4th Sabbath

"Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Exodus 20:8

Now while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering sticks on the Sabbath day. And those who found him gathering sticks brought him to Moses and Aaron, and to all the congregation. They put him under guard, because it had not been explained what should be done to him. Then the Lord said to Moses,"The man must surely be put to death; all the congregation shall stone him with stones outside the camp." So, as the Lord commanded Moses, all the congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him with stones, and he died.
Numbers 15:32-37

So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths
Colossians 2:16 nullifies Numbers 15:32-37 for today's Christian, as Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath

5th Obedience to Parents

Honor your father and your mother
Exodus 20:12

And he who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. "He who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall surely be put to death. "And he who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.
Exodus 21:15-18

Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.
Ephesians 6:1

6th Murder

You shall not murder.
Exodus 20:13

He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death.
Exodus 21:12

Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.
1 John 3:15

7th Adultery

You shall not commit adultery.
Exodus 20:14

The man who commits adultery with another man's wife, he who commits adultery with his neighbor's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress, shall surely be put to death.
Leviticus 20:10

Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God.
1 Corinthians 6:9,10

8th Theft

You shall not steal.
Exodus 20:15

He who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall surely be put to death.
Exodus 21:16

Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather let him labor, working with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give him who has need.
Ephesians 4:28

9th False Witness

You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
Exodus 20:16

according to all you desired of the Lord your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying,'Let me not hear again the voice of the Lord my God, nor let me see this great fire anymore, lest I die.' "And the Lord said to me:'What they have spoken is good. I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him. And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him. But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in My name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.' And if you say in your heart, 'How shall we know the word which the Lord has not spoken?
Deuteronomy 18:16-21

Do not lie to one another, since you have put off the old man with his deeds, and have put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of Him who created him
Colossians 3:9,10

10th Coveting

You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's."
Exodus 20:17

There was no death penalty

But fornication and all uncleanness or covetousness, let it not even be named among you, as is fitting for saints;
Ephesians 5:3

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